The Anasazi & Kokopelli

Anasazi, which means 'ancient stranger' or 'ancient enemy' in the Navajo language, is the name most commonly applied to the early pueblo dwellers who once lived in the Colorado Plateau or Four Corners Area.

The Hopi who are the likely descendents of the Anasazi called these predecessors the "Hisatsinom" for "The Ones Who Came Before."

Links are difficult to maintain. If you are interested in current web sites on the Anasazi, I suggest that you go to Google and try "Anasazi" as a search term.

Art History Webpage
Photos of Anasazi Structures
Settlement Chronology
The Disappearance of the Anasazi
DesertUSA - Anasazi
DesertUSA - Prehistoric Desert Peoples
John Kantner's Cyber Presentations on the Anasazi
Mining Company - Anasazi Pre-History
Anasazi Archaeology
Integrative Study of Native Culture
Navajo Nation - Anasazi Ruins
Anasazi - The Ancient People
Indian Ruins of the Southwest
William Calvin: How the Shaman Stole the Moon


Kokopelli (or Kokopilau): The Flute Player

Kokopelli is a figure commonly found in petroglyphs and pottery throughout the southwest. Since the first petroglyhs were carved around 3,000 years ago, he predates even Oraibi, the oldest continuous settlement in North America. 

He Is regarded as the universal symbol of fertility for all life, be it crops, hopes, dreams, or love. 

Some legends suggest that Kokopelli was an ancient toltec trader who traveled routes between Mexico, the west coast, the southwest, and possibly even as far as the eastern areas of the U.S. Documented finds lend truth to these legends as dentalium shells, which are only found in certain coastal areas, and macaw feathers from Mexico have been unearthed here in northern new mexico and arizona. Kokopelli was said to play a flute as he traveled to pronounce his arrival to the villagers and it was considered the greatest of honors to be the women he chose to be his "dreamtime companion" for his duration of time in the village as many of these women apparently bore children from these unions. About Kokopelli 

Hopi legend tells us that upon their entrance onto this, the fourth world, the Hopi people were met by an Eagle who shot an arrow into the two "mahus," insects which carried the power of heat. They immediately began playing such uplifting melodies on their flutes that they healed their own pierced bodies. The Hopi then began their separate migrations and each "mahu" would scatter seeds of fruits and vegetables onto the barren land. Over them, each played his flute to bring warmth and make the seeds grow. His name -- KOKO for wood and Pilau for hump (which was the bag of seeds he always carried)-- was given to him on this long journey. It is said that he draws that heat from the center of the Earth. He has come down to us as the loving spirit of fertility -- of the Earth and humanity. His invisible presence is felt whenever life come forth from seed -- plants or animals. 

A search of the web reveals the extent of the commercialization of the Kokopelli image -- you name it ... jewellry, sculpture, t-shirts, artwork ... and you'll find him . Thus, I suppose he qualifies as one of the universal symbols that Carl Jung talked about.

Iimages: Copyright R.V. Rasmussen, Kokopelli, Shay Canyon, Needles District, Canyonlands; Shield, Horseshoe Canyon.

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Canyonlands National Park, Utah, Slick Rock Country, Photography and Information web site. A slideshow providing a visual tour especially through the Needles District of Canyonlands with some images from the Maze and Island-in-the-Sky Districts and from Horseshoe Canyon. Also information on the Anasazi or Pueblo Cliff Dwellers and their rock art in the form of petroglyphs and pictograms.